Under review or revised

Fang, J., Wahl, T., Zhang, Q., Muis, S., Hu, P., Shi, P. (revised). Extreme sea levels along coastal China: uncertainties and implication, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans.

Arns, A., Wahl, T., Wolff, C., Vafeidis, A., Haigh, I., Woodworth, P., and Jensen, J. (revised). Tide-surge interaction modulates global extreme sea levels, coastal flood exposure, and impacts, Nature Communications.

Couasnon, A., Eilander, D., Haigh, I., Muis, S., Veldkamp, T.I.E., Wahl, T., Winsemius, H., Ward, P.J. (revised) Measuring compound flood potential from discharge and storm surge extremes at the global scale and its implications for flood hazard, Natural Hazards and Earth System Science.

Rashid, M.M., Wahl, T., Chambers, D.P., Calafat, F.M., Sweet, W.V. (revised). An extreme sea level indicator for the contiguous United States coastline, Nature Scientific Data.

Pinto Rascón, J.A, Nicholls, R.J., Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Present and Future Flood Risk for Two Mexican Coastal Cities, Regional Envrionmental Change.

Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S.E., Lowe, J.A., Slangen, A.B.A, Wahl, T., Hinkel, J., Long, A.J. (under review). Developing sea-level scenarios for coastal impact and adaptation assessment: an evolving process, WIREs Climate Change.

Hamlington et al. (under review). Understanding of Contemporary Regional Sea-level Change and the Implications for the Future, Earth’s Future.

Tadesse, M., Wahl, T., Cid, A. (under review). Data-driven modeling of global storm surges, Frontiers in Marine Science.

Raymond, C., Horton, R.M., Zscheischler, J., Martius, O., AghaKouchak, A., Bowen, S.G., Hess, J., Oppenheimer, M., Ruane, A.C., Wahl, T., White, K., Balch, J., Camargo, S.J., Kornhuber, K. (under review). Understanding of Contemporary Regional Sea-level Change and the Implications for the Future, Nature Climate Change.

Published or in press


Haigh, I.D., Wahl, T. Advances in extreme value analysis and application to natural hazards, Nat Hazards, 98: 819. doi: 10.1007/s11069-019-03628-x

Santos, V.M., Wahl, T., Long, J.W, Passeri, D.L., Plant, N.G. (2019).  Combining Numerical and Statistical Models to Predict Storm-Induced Dune Erosion, Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 124, 1817– 1834.

Hendry, A., Haigh, I. D., Nicholls, R. J., Winter, H., Neal, R., Wahl, T., Joly-Laugel, A., and Darby, S. E. (2019).  Assessing the characteristics and drivers of compound flooding events around the UK coast, Earth Syst. Sci., doi: 10.5194/hess-2018-632.


Ward, P.J., Couasnon, A., Haigh, I.D., Muis, S., Veldkamp, T.I.E., Winsemius, H.C., Wahl, T. (2018).  Dependency of high sea water level and river discharge at the global scale, Environmental Research Letters, 13, 084012.

Calafat, F.M., Wahl, T., Lindsten, F., Williams, J., Frajka-Williams, E. (2018).  Enhanced coherent fluctuations in the sea level annual cycle along the United States Gulf and southeast coasts, Nature Communication, 9, 2571.

Wahl, T., Ward, P.J., Winsemius, H.C., AghaKouchak, A., Bender, J., Haigh, I.D., Jain, S., Leonard, M., Veldkamp, T.I.E., Westra, S. (2018).  When environmental forces collide,Eos, 99,

Zscheischler, J., Westra, S., van den Hurt, B.J.J.M., Seneviratne, S.I., Ward, P.J., Pitman, A., AghaKouchak, A., Bresch, D.N., Leonard, M., Wahl, T., Zhang, X. (2018).  Future climate risk: The challenge of compound events,Nature Climate Change, 8, 469–477.

Wahl, T., Brown, S., Haigh, I.D., Nilsen, J.E.Ø. (2018).  Coastal Sea Levels, Impacts, and Adaptation, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 6(1), 19.

Nicholls, R.J., Brown, S., Goodwin, P., Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Lowe, J., Solan, M., Godbold, J.A., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J. (2018). Stabilisation of global temperature at 1.5 and 2.0 degrees: Implications for coastal areas, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 376(2119):20160448, doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0448.

Cid, A., Wahl, T., Chambers, D.P., Muis, S. (2018), Storm surge reconstruction and return water level estimation in Southeast Asia for the 20th Century  Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, doi:10.1002/2017JC013143.


Wahl, T. (2017), Sea-level rise and storm surges, relationship status: complicated! Environmental Research Letters, online first, .

Haigh, I.D., Ozsoy, O., Wadey, M.P., Nicholls, R.J., Gallop, S.L., Wahl, T., Brown, J.M., Bradshaw, E. (in press). An updated database of coastal flooding in the United Kingdom from 1915 to 2016, Scientific Data, 4, 170100.

Malagon-Santos, V., Haigh, I.D., Wahl, T. (2017), Spatial and Temporal Clustering Analysis of Extreme Wave Events around the UK CoastlineJournal of Marine Science and Engineering, 5(3), 28.

Hunter, J.R., Woodworth, P.L., Wahl, T., Nicholls, R.J. (2017), Using Global Tide Gauge Data to Validate and Improve the Representation of Extreme Sea Levels in Flood Impact StudiesGlobal and Planetary Change, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2017.06.007

Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Nicholls, R.J., Arns, A., Dangendorf, S., Hinkel, J., Slangen, A. (2017). Understanding extreme sea levels for coastal impact and adaptation analysis, Nature Communications, 8, 16075, doi: 10.1038/ncomms16075.


Haigh, I.D., Wadey,  M.P., Wahl, T., Ozsoy, O., Nicholls, R.J., Brown,  J.M., Horsburgh, K., and Gouldby, B. (2016), Spatial footprint and temporal clustering analysis of extreme sea level and storm surge events around the coastline of the UK, Scientific Data, 3, 160107, doi:10.1038/sdata.2016.107.

Wahl, T., Plant, N.G., Long, J.W. (2016). Probabilistic assessment of erosion and flooding risk in the northern Gulf of Mexico, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 121, 3029–3043, doi:10.1002/2015JC011482.

Ulm, M., Arns, A., Wahl, T., Meyers, S.D., Luther M.E., Jensen, J. (2016). The Impact of a Barrier Island Loss on Extreme Events in the Tampa Bay, Frontiers of Marine Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00056.

Wahl, T., Chambers, D.P. (2016). Climate controls multi-decadal variability in U.S. extreme sea level records, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JC011057.


Moritz, H., White, K., Gouldby, B., Sweet, W., Ruggiero, P., Gravens, M., O’Brien, P., Moritz, H., Wahl, T., Nadal-Caraballo, N., Veatch, W. (2015). USACE Adaptation Approach for Future Coastal Climate Conditions, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Maritime Engineering, 168(3), pp. 111–117. doi: 10.1680/jmaen.15.00015

Wahl, T., Jain, S., Bender, J., Meyers, S., Luther, M. (2015). Increasing risk of compound flooding from storm surge and rainfall for major US cities, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate2736.

Jensen, J., Arns, A., Wahl, T. (2015). Yet another 100yr storm surge event: the role of individual storm surges on design water levels, Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 23(6), pp. 882–88, doi: 10.6119/JMST-015-0610-5.

Wahl, T., Plant N. (2015). Changes in erosion and flooding risk due to long-term and cyclic oceanographic trends, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 2943–2950, doi:10.1002/2015GL063876.

Bender, J., Wahl, T., Müller, A., Jensen, J. (2015). A multivariate design framework for river confluences, Hydrological Sciences Journal, doi: 10.1080/02626667.2015.1052816.

Wahl, T., Chambers, D.P. (2015). Evidence for multi-decadal variability in US extreme sea level records, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 120, 1527–1544, doi:10.1002/2014JC010443.

Arns, A., Wahl, T., Jensen, J. (2015). The impact of sea level rise on extreme water levels in the northern part of the German Bight, Coastal Engineering, 96, 118–131, doi: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2014.12.002.

Arns, A., Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Jensen, J. (2015). Determining return water levels at un-gauged coastal sites: a case study for northern Germany, Ocean Dynamics, 65, 539–554, doi: 10.1007/s10236-015-0814-1.

Wahl, T., Mudersbach, C., Jensen, J. (2015). Statistical Assessment of Storm Surge Scenarios within Integrated Risk Analyses, Coastal Engineering Journal, 57, 1540003, doi: 10.1142/S0578563415400033.

Oumeraci, H., Kortenhaus, A., Burzel, A., Naulin, M., Dassanayake, D.R., Jensen, J., Wahl, T., Mudersbach, C., Gönnert, G., Gerkensmeier, B., Fröhle, P., Ujeyl , G. (2015). XtremRisK – Integrated Flood Risk Analysis for Extreme Storm Surges at Open Coasts and in Estuaries: Methodology, Key Results and Lessons Learned, Coastal Engineering Journal, doi: 10.1142/S057856341540001X.


Jensen, J., Dangendorf, S., Wahl, T., Steffen, H. (2014). Meeresspiegeländerungen in der Nordsee: Vergangene Entwicklungen und zukünftige Herausforderungen, Hydrolgie und Wasserbewirtschaftung, 58 (4), 304–32,. doi: 10.5675/HyWa_2014,6_1.

Arns, A., Wahl, T., Jensen, J. (2014). A consistent return level assessment considering present day and future mean sea level conditions, Die Küste, 81, 525–539.

Dangendorf, S., Calafat, F.M., Arns, A., Wahl, T., Haigh, I., Jensen, J. (2014). Mean sea level variability in the North Sea: processes and implications, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 119, 6820–6841, doi:10.1002/2014JC009901.

Bender, J., Wahl, T., Jensen, J. (2014). Multivariate design in the presence of non-stationarity, Journal of Hydrology, 514, 123–130, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.04.017.

Haigh, I.D., Wahl, T., Rohling, E.J., Price, R.M., Pattiaratchi, C. (2014). Timescales for detecting significant acceleration in sea-level rise, Nature Communications, 5, 3635, doi: 10.1038/ncomms4635.

Wahl, T., Calafat, F.M., Luther, M.E. (2014). Rapid changes in the seasonal sea level cycle along the US Gulf coast from the late 20th century, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 491–498, 2014, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058777.

Dangendorf, S., Müller-Navarra, S., Jensen, J., Schenk, F., Wahl, T., Weisse, R. (2014). North Sea storminess from a novel storm surge record since AD 1843, Journal of Climate, 27, 3582–3595, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00427.1.


Arns, A., Wahl, T., Dangendorf, S., Mudersbach, C., Jensen, J. (2013). Ermittlung regionalisierter Extremwasserstände für die Schleswig-Holsteinische Nordseeküste. Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung, 57, 6, 2013.

Dangendorf, S., Wahl, T., Nilson, E., Klein, B., Jensen, J. (2013). A new Atmospheric Proxy for Sea Level Variability in the southeastern North Sea: Observations and Future Ensemble Projections, Climate Dynamics, 43, 447–467, doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1932-4.

Arns, A., Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Jensen, J., Pattiaratchi, C. (2013). Estimating extreme water level probabilities: a comparison of the direct methods and recommendations for best practice, Coastal Engineering, 81, 51–66, doi: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.07.003.

Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Woodworth, P.L., Albrecht, F., Dillingh, D., Jensen, J., Nicholls, R., Weisse, R., Wöppelmann, G. (2013). Observed mean sea level changes around the North Sea coastline from 1800 to present, Earth Science Reviews, 124, 51–67, doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.05.003.

Dangendorf, S., Mudersbach, C., Wahl, T., Jensen, J. (2013). Characteristics of intra-, interannual and decadal sea level variability and the role of meteorological forcing: The long record of Cuxhaven, Ocean Dynamics, 63, 2–3, 209–224, doi: 10.1007/s10236-013-0598-0.

Mudersbach, C., Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Jensen, J. (2013). Trends in high sea levels of German North Sea gauges compared to regional mean sea level changes, Continental Shelf Research, 65, 111–120, doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2013.06.016.

Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Dangendorf, S., and Jensen, J. (2013). Inter-annual and long-term mean sea level changes along the North Sea coastline. In: Conley, D.C., Masselink, G., Russell, P.E. and O’Hare, T.J. (eds.), Journal of Coastal Research, SI 65, 1987–1992 doi: 10.2112/SI65-336.1.

Dangendorf, S., Wahl, T., Mudersbach, C., Jensen J. (2013). The seasonal cycle of MSL in the south-eastern North Sea. In: Conley, D.C., Masselink, G., Russell, P.E. and O’Hare, T.J. (eds.), Journal of Coastal Research, SI 65, 1915–1920, doi: 10.2112/SI65-324.1.


Wahl, T., Mudersbach, C., Jensen J. (2012). Assessing the hydrodynamic boundary conditions for risk analyses in coastal areas: A multivariate statistical approach based on Copula functions, Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 12, 495–510, doi:10.5194/nhess-12-495-2012.

Dangendorf, S., Wahl, T., Hein, H., Jensen, J., Mai, S., Mudersbach, C. (2012). Mean Sea Level variability and influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on long-term trends in the German Bight, Water, 4, 170–195, doi: 10.3390/w4010170.


Wahl, T., Mudersbach, C., Jensen J. (2011). Assessing the hydrodynamic boundary conditions for risk analyses in coastal areas: A stochastic storm surge model, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 2925–2939, doi: 10.5194/nhess-11-2925-2011.

Albrecht, F., Wahl, T., Jensen, J., Weisse, R. (2011). Determining Sea Level change in the German Bight, Ocean Dynamics, 61-12, 2037–2050, doi: 10.1007/s10236-011-0462-z.

Wahl, T., Jensen, J., Frank, T., Haigh, I.D. (2011). Improved estimates of mean sea level changes in the German Bight over the last 166 years, Ocean Dynamics, 61-5, 701–7015, doi: 10.1007/s10236-011-0383-x.

Jensen, J., Frank, T., Wahl, T. (2011). Analyse von hochaufgelösten Tidewasserständen und Ermittlung des MSL an der deutschen Nordseeküste (AMSeL), Die Küste, Heft 78.

Frank, T., Wahl, T., Jensen, J. (2011). Mean Sea Level and Tidal Analysis along the German North Sea Coastline, Journal of Coastal Research, SI 64, 501–505.


Wahl, T., Jensen, J., Frank, T. (2010). On analysing sea level rise in the German Bight since 1844, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 171–179, doi:10.5194/nhess-10-171-2010 doi: 10.5194/nhess-10-171-2010.

Gönnert, G., Jensen, J., von Storch, H., Thumm, S., Wahl, T., Weisse, R. (2009). Der Meeresspiegelanstieg – Ursachen, Tendenzen und Risikobewertung, Die Küste, Heft 76, 225–256.